Conference Objective

 

  • Sharing and learning the best practices for regional and international level development.
  • Example: Reattach a new schema therapy as the autism treatment are going “viral” since the practical research has been rewarded with Clinical Neuropsychiatry Award.
  • Promoting collaboration and partnerships for development of effective and sustainable programs.
  • Cooperate with companies or organization on accepting Autism Spectrum Disorder individual.
  • Recommend incentives for working parents who has Autism Spectrum Disorder children.
  • To know and understand Autism Spectrum Disorder.
  • Encouraging better understanding of the differences between Asperger’s Disorder, Classic Autism and Autism Spectrum Disorder.
  • For families to identify the signs and symptoms of ASD in children.
  • Knowing the right place to gain information, treatment and therapies for ASD.

 

Conference Background

 

The term “special needs” is commonly used in the field of education, defined in the Salamanca Statement of 1994 as referring to “children or youth whose needs arise from disabilities or learning difficulties”. It is important to note that this is an umbrella term that covers wide range of conditions, including medical, behavioural, developmental, social, learning and mental health issues. A person with Autism Spectrum Disorder is part of special needs and they face difficulties which may need additional supports and services.

According to World Health Organization statistic until April 2017, 1 in 160 children has an autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This estimate represents an average figure, and reported prevalence varies substantially across studies. Some well-controlled studies have, however, reported figures that are substantially higher. The prevalence of ASD in many low- and middle-income countries is so far unknown. Based on epidemiological studies conducted over the past 50 years, the prevalence of ASD appears to be increasing globally. There are many possible explanations for this apparent increase, including improved awareness, expansion of diagnostic criteria, better diagnostic tools and improved reporting (WHO, 2017).

Autism Spectrum Disorders has been added as fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). As of May 2013, psychologists and psychiatrists will be using these criteria when evaluating individuals for these developmental disorders.